History Terms with
link or visual representation
Define the term in your own words.
Use the word in a sentence that shows understanding of the word's meaning.
Subcontinent


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A great area of land that is smaller than a continent.
India is a subcontinent because it is big but not bigger than Asia.
Monsoon
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A powerful wind that makes it rain in the summer in southern Asia.
A monsoon is going to make it rain hard in southern Asia.
Plateau
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A elevated area of land that is flat on top.
Today at school we learned about the Deccan Plateau.
Glaciers
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A large piece of ice that moves very slowly through an area.
The Artic Ocean can be hard to navigate because it has glaciers.
Hinduism
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The first major religion of India.
There is no single founder of the religion Hinduism.
Dharma
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This is a basic belief of Hinduism that says you should do your job. It stands for law, obligation, and duty.
If you have good dharma, you can escape the cycle of samsara.
Brahman
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A force that everything is part of, the only thing that never dies.
Hindus believe this is the only thing that never dies or ends.
deity
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Each form represents a part of Brahman.
Every deity is powerful, some more powerful than others.
karma
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The belief that if you have good dharma, your next life would be good.
Karma effects your next life and whether or not it will be good.
samsara
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The cycle of birth, death, and rebirth.
One must have good dharma to escape the cycle of samsara.
Vedas
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Sacred Hindu writings gathered many years ago.
The Vedas tells of very old Hindu stories.
Sanskrit
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A very old langauge from India.
Many Hindus spoke Sanskrit.
Brahman (ism)
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The believing in Brahman, a unbreakable force.
Brahmanism never ends, and is the only thing that lasts forever.
caste
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A social status in ancient Hindu society.
The lowest caste was named the untouchables a long time ago.
reincarnation
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The idea that a person is reborn as a animal, human, or thing after death.
If you do not have good dharma, your reincarnation will not be pleasant.
pilgrimage
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A long journey to a place that is holy.
To embark on a pilgrimige one must have a religion.
Buddhism
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The major religion in India that began when Buddha, or Prince Siddhartha, was born.
The practice of Buddhism is very compicated.
Buddha
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A man born as Prince Siddhartha, but was enlightened and became Buddha, and began the religion of Buddhism.
Buddah was once Price Siddhartha, but earned the name Buddah when he reached enlightenment.
Prince Siddhartha
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The original name of Buddha, the man who began the religion of Buddhism.
Buddah's given name was Prince Siddhartha.
ascetic
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A person who follows Buddhism and gives up possessions to become enlightened.
If you are an ascetic, you have very little possesions, yet some think they're happier than those who do.
alms
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Gifts given to those who have less.
Prince Siddhartha took a bowl for alms on his journey to become an ascetic.
Enlightenment
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The process in which one finds deep truths and becomes free of suffering.
Buddah sat under a tree and meditated until he reached enlightenment.
Nirvana
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A state of being in which one experiences great happiness and peace.
You must escape the cycle of Samsara to find your nirvana.
Unification
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The process of unifying or making multiple things into a whole.
The Mauryan family started the unification of India.
Mauryan Empire
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An empire ruled by a family in India from 322 to 187 B.C.E.
The Mauryan Empire reached it's peak when it was under the rule of King Ashoka.
edicts
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An order that must be followed as though it is a law.
There are four different edicts.
monk
A man who spends his entire life practicing his religion.

A monk spends his whole life devoted to his religion.

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