History Terms with
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Define the term in your own words.
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Subcontinent

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A large landmass forming a subdivision of a continent.
With there being a subcontinenet the original looks alot smalller.
Monsoon
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A seasonal wind of the Indian ocean and southern Asia, blowing from the southwest and from the northeast in winter.
A monsoon look like all the clouds bunch up in one spot and blow for miles.
Plateau
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A land area having a relatively level surface, and often cut by deep canyons.
Lots of people live in a plateau because, of the lots of land,farming, and scenery.
Glaciers
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An extended
mass of ice formed from snow falling and accumulating over the years and moving very slowly.
A glacier look like frozen lava moving very slowly.
Hinduism
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A common religion of India , based upon the religion of the original Aryan settlers as expounded and evolved in the Vedas, the Upanishads, the Bhagavad-Gita, etc.
Hinduism is a very common religion in india.
Dharma
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one of the basic beliefs of Hinduism that stands for law, obligation and duty
To follow one's dharma means to perform one's duties and so to live as one should.
Brahman
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The hindu name for a supreme power, or a divine force, that is greater than all the other deties.
Brahman must be very imprtant.
deity
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A god or Godess.
In Hindu a deity represents a power or a quality of a Brahman.
karma
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The belief that how a person lives will affect their next life.
Karma means what you put in the world comes back to you.
samsara
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The cycle of birth, death, and rebirth.
Samsara ends when the soul escapes from the cycle of rebirth and is united with Brahman.
Vedas
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A collection of sacred Hindu writings.
The Vedas were tought orally for hundreds of years.
Sanskrit
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A ancient language of india.
After thay developed Sanskrit the Hindu people didn't have to pass on their teachings by word of mouth.
Brahman (ism)
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A ancient Indian religion in which the Brahmans(Priests and religous scholars) are the dominent class.
In Brahmanism, the priests and religious scholars or brahmans had to perform rituals and teach vedas.
caste
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a class or group in Hindu society
In ancient Hindu society, there were five major castes.
reincarnation
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the belief that a person's soul is reborn into a new body after death
Hindus believed you could escape reincarnation by following the basic beliefs of Hinduism.
pilgrimage
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a journey to a holy place
The Indians of ancient times connected with Brahman by going on pilgrimages.
Buddhism
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A religion of India begun by Prince Siddhartha, or the Budda
The people who believe in Buddhism believe that once they reach enlightenment, they would no longer be reborn again and again.
Buddha
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The awakened one.
Prince Siddhartha became Buddha when he reached enlightenment.
Prince Siddhartha
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Prince Siddhartha was an Indian man in Ancient India who started Buddhism.
According to legend, the people around Prince Siddhartha new he was very special, from the moment he was born.
ascetic
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a person who gives up worldly pleasures
Prince Siddhartha became an ascetic to find enlightenment.
alms
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goods given to the poor
When Prince Siddhartha became ans ascetic, he kept only a small bowl for alms.
Enlightenment
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happiness that comes from the knowledge of deep truth
Prince Siddhartha reached enlightenment under a Bodhi tree.
Nirvana
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an ideal state of happiness and peace
Prince Siddhartha meditated about reality and how t reach nirvana.
Unification
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to bring together as a whole.
King Ashoka was responsible for the unification of India.
Mauryan Empire
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an empire that flourished in India from about 322 to 187 B.C.E.
India was united for the first time, under the Mauryan Empire.
edicts
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a command that is obeyed like a law
King Ashoka had edicts carved into walls, rocks and pillars.
monk
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