History Terms with
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Define the term in your own words.
Use the word in a sentence that shows understanding of the word's meaning.
Subcontinent

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a piece of land that is big but smaller than a continent
India is named a subcontinent.
Monsoon
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a powerful wind that brings rain in the summer
Each summer a monsoon comes and almost floods the rivers.
Plateau
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A flat piece of land that is higher than the ones around it
A plateu is higher than the land around it.
Glaciers
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a huge chunk of ice that slowly slides over land
"Look out for that glacier".
Hinduism
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The first religion of India
Hinduism is one of the oldest of the religions.
Dharma
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a belief that means laws, duty and obligation
Many Hindus follow Dharma because it is their rules, laws, duties, and obligation.
Brahman
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The one who will last forever and is in everything
Hindus believe the Brahman is creating and destroying this universe.
deity
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The many faces of Brahman
The most powerful deity is Indrus.
karma
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what they do will effect them in the after-life
Many Hindus follow karma and do good things to make sure they have a good after-life
samsara

the continuous cycle of birth rebirth and death
Samsara is the endless cycle of death rebirth and birth
Vedas
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sacred writings
Some Dharmas are performing rituals and teaching the Vedas.
Sanskrit
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ancient language of India
Teachings are told in Sanskrit.
Brahman (ism)
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Indian religion where the Brahmins are the dominant class
Brahminism is where the Brahmins are the higher class.
caste
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a group
people were put into castes
reincarnation
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the belief of where someone's soul is put into a new body
A belief is recarnation of one's soul.
pilgrimage
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a journey to a holy place
Hindus sometimes make pilgramages to the Ganges River
Buddhism
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A religion that began with Prince Siddhartha
Prince Siddartha, or the Buddha began the religion Buddhism
Buddha
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The enlightened one
Prince Siddhartha is the Buddha
Prince Siddhartha
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The Buddha
Prince Siddharta started Buddhism
ascetic
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a person who gives up wealth
Prince Siddhartha was a ascetic
alms
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goods that are given to the poor
Prince Siddhartha gave alms to poor people
Enlightenment
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to live spiritual
Prince Siddartha was enlightened when he became a Buddha
Nirvana
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A state of being happy
The buddha was in a nirvana state
Unification
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to make whole
Ashaka wanted to unify the North and the South.
Mauryan Empire
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an empire that existed in in India about from 322 to 187 B.C.E
Muryan Empire was very powerful through its time.
edicts
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a command that is followed
Ashoka edicted people to follow Buddhism
monk
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a holy man
Ashoka was a monk.