History Term
Definition in your own words
Use the word in a sentence that shows your understandingof the history term
human sacrifices
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The killing of a person for a relious ritual.
The Myans gave many human sacrifices.
clan
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A group of family and/or friends.
There have been many racist clans throughout history.
Shang Dynasty
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A Chinese dynasty that ruled from 1700-1122 B.C.E around the Huang He river.
The rulers of the Shang Dynasty chose wisley to settle near the Huang He.
ancestor worshipGrant_D._ancestor_worship.jpg
The belief that the spirits of ancestors can influence the living.
Confucius, a Chinese philosopher, taught about ancestor worship.
logograph
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A symbol that represents a word or phrase.
The Shang Dynasty used logographs to write.
economy
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A way of managing a communities resources.
Some people believe that America's economy is very bad right now.
Confucianism
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A system of ethics, statesmanship, and education that focused on love, ancestor worship, respect for elders, and peace.
Confucianism is one of the three philosophies that were "offered" to help unify China.
Daoism/Taoism
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A philosophy that focuses on living in harmony with nature.
Yin and Yang (opposite forces of nature) come from the teachings of Daoism/Taoism.
Legalism
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A philosophy that agrees and focuses on harsh punishments and strict laws.
Emperor Qin Shihuangdi used Legalism to run his government.
Mandate of Heaven
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A law or power that is believed to be given by a god.
The Zhou Dynasty claimed to have been given the Mandate of Heaven.
feudalism
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A type of government that uses a system of landowners and tenants.
The Zhou Dynasty's government used feudalism to help increase its stability.
Zhou Dynasty
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A dynasty in China that ruled from about 1045-256 B.C.E.
At the time of the Zhou Dynasty, China plunged into disorder.
Confucius
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A philosopher that created Confucianism and taught about it.
Confucius taught that society worked well when everybody acted properly.
civil servants
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Someone who works for the government.
Civil servants used to be the sons of nobles.
Qin Shihuangdi
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A Chinese emperor that ruled a unified China from 221-210 B.C.E.
Qin Shihuangdi ordered to have the Great Wall of China built.
standardize
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To make things equal or the same.
Qin Shihuagdi standardized China by making money, weight, measurement, and other things the same.
exile
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To move or live away from your from your native country.
The emperor of the Qin dynasty (Qin Shihuagdi) had many workers exiled to build the Great Wall.
immortalGrant_D._immortal.jpg
Someone who is able to live forever.
Some religions believe in immortals.
Han Dynasty
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A Chinese dynasty that ruled from 206 B.C.E -220 C.E.
The Han Dynasty ruled a very long time and acheived many great things.
bureacucracy
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A type of government that has a few leaders that rule over many others.
In a bureaucracy, people direct those who have a lower class than them.
calligraphy
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Artistic or good handwriting.
The Han wrote calligraphy on paper, which they invented.
anesthetic
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Something that relieves pain.
The Han discovered a type of wine that could be used as an anesthetic.
Silk RoadGrant_D._silk_road.jpg
A network of routes for trading that went across Asia.
The Silk Road stretched 4,000 miles across Asia, which allowed trade with the Romans!
Zhang Qian
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A Chinese explorer who helped make trading with the West possible.
Zhang Qian is often called the Father of the Silk road.