History Terms with
link or visual representation
Define the term in your own words.
Use the word in a sentence that shows understanding of the word's meaning.
Subcontinent

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A large landmass forming a subdivision of a continent.
India is a subcontinent of Asia.
Monsoon
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A seasonal wind in southern Asia blowing from different directions every season.
Many rivers flood in India when the monsoon comes.
Plateau
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An area of land that is flat and raised on at least one side.
The Deccan Plateau is a plateau in India.
Glaciers
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A slow moving mass of ice formed by accumulating snow.
Glaciers are what scientists say formed the Great Lakes.
Hinduism
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The common religion of India that came from Aryan settlers and evolved into the Vedas.
Hinduism seems like a very interesting religion.
Dharma
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A beleif in Hiduism that stands for law, obligation, and duty.
Each socail class, in the Caste System, has different jobs or dharmas.
Brahman
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The ultimate being of the universe. All beings originate to it and return to it.
A deity is a different face of Brahman.
deity
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A god or goddess in the Hindu religion.
There are many deities that are worshipped and many that are not.
karma
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Actions that determine someone's inevitable result, good or bad, in the present life or in future lives.
If you have good karma you will be reborn into a higher class (in the caste system).
samsara
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The continuos cycle of births, deaths, and rebirths.
Hindus can go through the cycle of samsara many times.
Vedas
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The sacred writings of Hinduism.
Hinduism is one of the oldest religions, which means that the vedas must have been written a long time ago.
Sanskrit
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A language that has been spoken in India since 1200 B.C.E.
The vedas were written in sanskrit.
Brahman (ism)
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The social and religious system of the Brahmans, the highest class of the caste system.
Brahmanism is only practiced by Brahmans, which are part of the highest class of the caste system.
caste
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The social divisions, or groups, that Hindu society is divided into.
Each group in the caste system has different privileges and jobs.
reincarnation
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The belief that after death the soul will come back to earth in another form.
Hindus believe that reincarnation will continue to happen until you get out of the cycle of samsara.
pilgrimage
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A long journey, made for religious purposes, to get to a sacred place.
Many people make pilgrimages for religious purposes.
Buddhism
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A religion that began with Prince Siddhartha (the Budha).
Buddhism involves some of the beliefs of Hinduism.
Buddha
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A man who began the religion of Buddhism. He was originaly Siddhartha Gautama and he lived from 563 to 483 B.C.E.
Buddha means the Awakend One.
Prince Siddhartha
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A prince of ancient India that began the religion of Buddhism. He gave up his life as a prince to become an ascetic and later the Buddha.
Queen Maya had a dream about Prince Siddhartha's birth.
ascetic
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Someone who gives up pleasures.
When you are an ascetic you have to shave your hair and wear simple clothing.
alms
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Goods that are donated to the poor.
Prince Siddhartha carried a bowl for alms.
Enlightenment
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The state of being enlightened or reaching a state of happiness and peace.
The Budha reached enlightenment under the Bodhi tree.
Nirvana
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A state of happiness and peace.
The Budha had a strong feeling he was going to reach Nirvana before he did.
Unification
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The act of joining, incorporating, or combining to make a single unit.
Without unification the world wouldn't be the place it is today!
Mauryan Empire
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An empire that thrived in India.
The Mauryan Empire help unify India.
edicts
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A command that is observed or obeyed as a law.
King Ashoka had many edicts he created carved in to a pillar.
monk
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A man who devotes his life to religious activities and practice.
In India monks sometimes wear orange robes.