History Terms with
link or visual representation
Define the term in your own words.
Use the word in a sentence that shows understanding of the word's meaning.
Subcontinent

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A land that is very big, but smaller than a continent.
India is an example of a subcontinent.
Monsoon
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A very strong wind that brings rain.
Southern Asia has monsoons in the summer.
Plateau
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A flat area of land that is elevated above the land around it.
India has a plateau, called the Deccan Plateau.
Glaciers
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A big piece of ice that slides over land.
A long time ago, the world was covered with glaciers.
Hinduism
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India's first major religion.
Hinduism is one of the major religions in India.
Dharma
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One of the beliefs of Hinduism that means law, obligation, and duty.
To follow one's dharma means to live as they should.
Brahman
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In Hindu belief, everything is a part of it.
Brahman is the supreme power in Hinduism.
deity
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The forms that represent the qualities of Brahman.
Hindus believe in many deites.
karma
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How a person lives will affect their afterlife.
If you have good karma, you will be reborn in a good social class.
samsara
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The cycle of birth, death, and rebirth.
As long as people are a part of samsara, you know pain and death.
Vedas
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Sacred Hindu writings.
The Vedas are written in the ancient language of Sanskrit.
Sanskrit
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The ancient language of India.
Sanskrit was used to write the Vedas.
Brahman (ism)
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The belief that priests and religious scholars are the best class.
Brahmanism is one of the five main social classes.
caste
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A group in Hindu society.
The caste system is part of Hinduism.
reincarnation
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The belief that a person's soul is reborn.
Reincarnation is part of samsara.
pilgrimage
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A journey to a holy place.
Some people go through a tough pilgrimage to get to a holy place.
Buddhism
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A religion from India that was started by the Buddha.
Buddhism is one of the main religions of India.
Buddha
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Prince Siddhartha, the one who started Buddhism.
Prince Siddhartha became the Buddha.
Prince Siddhartha
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Prince Siddhartha had a wealthy family and royal life.
Prince Siddhartha was born after his mom had a dream about a white elephant.
ascetic
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A person that gives up desire.
Prince Siddhartha wanted to become an ascetic.
alms
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Goods that are given to the poor.
People stand on the street, asking for alms.
Enlightenment
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To find a calm state in yourself.
Prince Siddhartha set out to find enlightenment.
Nirvana
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The state of happiness and peace.
Prince Siddhartha meditated and found nirvana.
Unification
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To unite.
The U.S. saw unification between the northern states in the Civil War.
Mauryan Empire
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An empire in India that lasted from 322 to 187 B.C.E.
Chandragupta was the first to rule the Mauryn Empire.
edicts
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A rule or a law.
Ashoka created four edicts.
monk
monk.jpgA holy man Monks devote their lives to religious practice.