History Terms with
link or visual representation
Define the term in your own words.
Use the word in a sentence that shows understanding of the word's meaning.
Subcontinent

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a landmass that is of great size but smaller than a continent.
India is a subcontinent.
Monsoon
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a strong wind that brings heavy rain to southern Asia in the summer.
Monsoons can be very dangerous but also helpful.
Plateau
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a flat area of land that is elevated , or raised, above the land around it.
I do not live on a plateau.
Glaciers
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a huge mass of ice that slowly slides over a land area.
Glaciers are mainly in the north and south poles.
Hinduism
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India's first major religion.
Hinduism has 5 bacic beliefs.
Dharma
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one of the basic beliefs of Hinduism that stands for law, obligation, and duty
Dharma is following law, obligation, and your duty.
Brahman
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In Hinduism, the one supreme power, or divine force, that everything is a part of.
Brahman is the most important of the gods.
deity
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In Hinduism, the forms that represent the various qualities of Brahman.
Hinduism has many deities.
karma
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In Hinduism, the belief that how a person lives will affect their next life.
If your karma is good your next life should be good.
samsara
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In Hinduism, the belief in a continous cycle of birth, death, and re-birth.
In samsara you are born die and then are re-born.
Vedas
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a collection of Hindu sacred writings.
The Vedas include verses, hymns, prayers, and teachings.
Sanskrit
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an ancient language in India.
Most Indian writings are in sanskrit.
Brahman (ism)
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an ancient Indian religion in which the Brahmins are the dominant class.
Banhmanism is like Hinduism.
caste
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a class, or group, in hindu socity.
The caste system has 4 main groups, but a 5th one has also formed.
reincarnation
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the belief that a person's soulis reborn into a new body after death.
You get reincarnation by following the basic beliefs of Hinduism.
pilgrimage
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a journy to a holy place.
People believed the pilgrimages would clense them of their sins.
Buddhism
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A religion of India began by Prince Siddhartha, or the Buddha.
Buddhism is one of the worlds major religions.
Buddha
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A man originally named Siddhartha Gautama who lived in India from 563 to 483 B.C.E. and began the religion of Buddhism.
The Buddha was created when Prince Siddhartha reached enlightenment.
Prince Siddhartha
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The man who becomes the Buddha.
Prince Siddhartha was born to be a great man.
ascetic
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a person who ngives up wordly pleasures.
Prince Siddhartha became an ascetic.
alms
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goods given to the poor.
Alms are gifts of food.
Enlightenment
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True happiness and peace.
Prince Siddhartha reached enlightenment.
Nirvana
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an ideal state of happiness and peace.
Prince Siddhartha sat for a while to get Nirvana.
Unification
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to make into a whole.
The Mauryas created the unification of India.
Mauryan Empire
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an empire that florished in India from about 322 to 187 B.C.E.
Kind Ashoka and King Chandragupta ruled the Mauryan Empire.
edicts
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a command that is obayed like a law.
Ashoka had edicts carved into the wall for the people.
monk
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a holy man who devotes his life to religious practice.
Monks are very religious.


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