History Terms
Definition in your own words
Use the word in a sentence that shows your understandingof the history term
human sacrifices
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A religious sacrifice of humans to honor their ancestors/god(s)/goddess(es)/spirits.
The Shung Dynasty practiced human sacrifices to honor their ancestors.
clan
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A group of family or friends.
The clan went to the beach together.
Shang Dynasty
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An ancient Chinese dynasty that lasted from 1766 BCE-1122 BCE
The people of the Shang Dynasty prized bronze more than gold.
ancestor worship
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A religious worship towards ancesters.
The Shang practiced ancestor worship.
logograph
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A system of writing that uses characters instead of words.
The Chinese use logograph to write.
economy
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A branch in government that focuses on the wealth and resources of a country.
I think economy is one of the most important branches in government.
Confucianism
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A Chinese philosophy based on the teaching of Confucius, the most famous philosopher in Chinese history.
Confucianism is both a philosophy and religion.
Daoism/Taoism
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A Chinese philosophy based on the teachings of Laozi, which is also a religion
Daoism teaches that you should have a close relationship with nature.
Legalism
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A chinese philosophy based on the teachings of Hanfeizi.
I think the teachings of Legalism are too harsh.
Mandate of Heaven
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A way to elect kings believed to be chosen by Heaven.
I don't think that the Mandate of Heaven was a fair idea, because the ruler might have no experience and will be an unjust ruler.
feudalism
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A system of government based on
based on landowners and tenants.
During the Middle Ages, Europe used feudalism as a part of their government.
Zhou Dynasty
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An ancient Chinese dynasty that lasted from 1046 BCE–256 BCE.
There was lots of chaos during the Zhou Dynasty, even though it lasted longer than the other ancient Chinese dynasties.
Confucius
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A famous Chinese philosopher that founded Confucianism
.
"Confucius was a very wise philosopher," our teacher said.
civil servants
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People who work for the government.
The civil servants held a meeting last week.
Qin Shihuangdi
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The emperor of the Qin Dynasty that was an ancient Chinese dynasty from 221 BCE–206 BCE. He was also the very first emperor if China.
We are learning about Qin Shihuangdi in Social Studies.
standardize
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To compare with or agree with a standard.
The students wished that their teacher would standardize their tests.
exile
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To not live in one's native country.
My parents exiled to Mexico.
immortal
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Living forever without ever ageing or dying.
Do you want to be immortal?
Han Dynasty
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An ancient Chinese dynasty that lasted 206 BCE–220 CE
The Han Dynasty was founded by Liu Bang.
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An organization of non-elected officials of a government that create the rules and laws for a civilization.
Do you think that bureaucracy is a fair way to run a civilization's government?
calligraphy
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A fancy way to write words, characters, or letters
I like to use calligraphy to write letters to friends.
anesthetic
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A substance that produces anesthesia in part or all of the body.
Anesthetic is a great way to take pain away.
Silk Road
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A trade route that lasted for over 1,000 years and began in the Han Dynasty.
The ancient Romans gave the Chinese glassware on the Silk Road.
Zhang Qian
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Zhang Qian is the creator of the Silk Road.
Zhang Qian's famous trade route, the Silk Road, was very successful.