History Term
Definition in your own words
Use the word in a sentence that shows your understanding of the history term
human sacrifices
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A person who is killed for a religious reason.
Some human sacrifices were killed to serve a ruler in the afterlife.
clan
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A group of people.
A ruler and his family is a clan.
Shang Dynasty
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One of the major dynasties of China.
The Shang Dynasty ruled from 1700 to 1122 B.C.E.
ancestor worship
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Honoring ancestors like making shrines.
In the movie Mulan, Mulan's family has a shrine where they do ancestor worship.
logograph
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A symbol that represents a word.
There are many different logographs that exsist.
economy
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A system that manages the money of a community.
Emperor Qin Shihuangdi made a couple of changes that helped the economy.
Confucianism
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A philosophy created by a man named Confucius.
Confucianism was a big influence on the later Chinese government.
Daoism/Taoism
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Another philosophy created by a man named Laozi.
Daoism/Taoism helped emperors become not as harsh as others in their past.
Legalism
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A philosophy created by a prince.
Legalism was big influnce on one of the earlier governments.
Mandate of Heaven
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A theory that a divine power gives a person the right to rule.
The Madate of Heaven gave rulers the right to rule. feudalism
feudalism
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A system created by the goverment based on people who owned land.
Emperor Qin Shihuangdi got rid of feudalism when he was emperor of the Qin Dynasty.
Zhou Dynasty
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A dynasty that formed around 1045 B.C.E.
The Zhou Dynasty's first ruler was King Wu.
Confucius
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The man who created the philosophy, Confucianism.
Confucius's real name is Konfuzi.
civil servants
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A person who works for the goverment.
If you want to be a civil servant, you have to take a really long test.
Qin Shihuangdi
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The only emperor of the Qin Dynasty.
Qin Shihuangdi was the first emperor of China.
standardize
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To make a copy of something.
The people who made the silk had a standardize method.
exile
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To be banished from somewhere.
Emperor Qin Shihuangdi sent his own mother into exile.
immortal
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To live forever.
The divine power mentioned in the Mandate of Heaven is immortal .
Han Dynasty
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A dynasty that lasted from 206 B.C.E to 220 C.E.
The Han Dynasty lasted over 400 years.
bureacucracy
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A form of government where a couple of people on top who rule, and a a lot of people on the bottom.
Bureacucracies have to rule a lot of people.
calligraphy
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A fancy form of writing.
Chinese calligraphy looks really hard to write.
anesthetic
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Something that takes pain away.
Anesthic was used to help heal people.
Silk Road
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A travel route created to go to other places to trade.
The Silk Road is over 4,000 miles long.
Zhang Qian
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A Chinese explorer.
Zhang Qian went on the Silk Road to form an alliance with the Huns.