History Term
Definition in your own words
Use the word in a sentence that shows your understanding of the history term
human sacrifices
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Whe someone kills someone for their religion or hwat they believe is right.
A lot of dynasties used human sacrafice as a way to ask for something to their ancestors.
clan
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A group of something or someone.
Clans were formed in Ancient China based on rank.
Shang Dynasty
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A dynasty that ruled China for an amount of time.
The Shang Dynasty was a powerful dyasty that reigned for a while until they died off and were over- thrown.
ancestor worship
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A religion involved in human sacrafises and other types of worship.
Most of the early dynasty's religion was ancestor worship.
logograph
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Its what chinese used as their written language.
The Chinese used logographs to write things.
economy
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Where everyone lives and the structure of the city their in.
Ancient China's economy was very strong because of emperers.
Confucianism
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Teachings of: if someone makes a mistake, then they should be helped by someone with expirience/knowlidge.
Emperer Qin Shihuangdi wasn't very fond of confucianism because he believed legalism worked better.
Daoism/Taoism
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Teachings of: if someone makes a mistake, then they shouldn't be helped, but instead they do nothing and hoped that they would learn from their mistakes.
Daoism wasn't too popular among the rulers of China.
Legalism
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Teachings of: if someone makes a mistake, then they have to be punished harshly and then they would more than likely never do it again.
Legalism was harsh punishment for things done wrong and Emperer Gin Shihuangdi thought that worked best.
Mandate of Heaven
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Where most emperers wanted to go so they could rule.
Alot of the emperers wanted the Mandate of Heaven.
feudalism
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A simple system where its a ladder with certain people on top and certain people on bottom and if your good your rewarded and if not, punished.
China used to be run with fuedalism until the Zhou Dynasty changed it to legalism.
Zhou Dynasty
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A dynasty that ruled China for an amount of time.
The Zhou Dynasty ruled for a while until it was over thrown.
Confucius
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A chinese teacher or professer that probaly teaches the laws of confucianism.
A Confucious teacher wasn't a normal school teacher.
civil servants
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The people who come just above the bottom of the ladder which is peasents (the poor people).
The civil servants worked for basically everyone.
Qin Shihuangdi
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He was the first emperer of China.
Qin Shihuangdi was cruel in some peoples eyes and a great ruler in others.
standardize
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To make more simple of easy.
The China's money was standardized to make easier to understand.
exile
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To be "banished" or kicked out of your "native" or home land.
If you disobeyed law your sentence could be exile.
immortal
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Someone who can live forever and is more powerful that anyone else and has special powers.
Qin Shihuangdi wanted to be immortal so he could rule forever and his dynasty really would go on for 10,000 years.
Han Dynasty
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They were a dynasty that rule based off of confucianist ideas and belifes.
The Han Dynasty was a great Dynasty with fair rulers and a nice working, no violence, empire.
bureacucracy
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Its like a pyramid with some people at the top and a lot of people at the bottom.
The Han Dynasty was like a bureacucracy.
calligraphy
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Its the art of fine or nice and neat handwriting.
In the Han silk was used for calligraphy.
anesthetic
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Something that takes away the feeling of pain.
The Han doctors discovered a type of wine to use as an anesthetic.
Silk Road
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The road used to trade that conected to alot of states and citys.
Most people used the Silk Road to trade and it was a long, difficult journey.
Zhang Qian
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He was the man who was sent to Central Asia to make peace but instead came back with a lot more.
Zhang Qian was a very important person to the Hans.