History Term
Definition in your own words
Use the word in a sentence that shows your understanding of the history term
human sacrifices
http://www.google.com/imgres?q=shang+dynasty+human+sacrifice
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When someone is killed ceromoniusly for a sacrife to a god or spirit.
In the Shang dynasty, people made human sacrifices.
clan
http://www.google.com/imgres?q=Ancient+Chinese+clan&hl
external image chinese-family.jpg
A group of people or a family.
Before the emporer of the Shang dynasty took over, clans kept fighting with each other for power.
Shang Dynasty
http://www.google.com/imgres?q=shang+dynasty&hl
external image Shang-Dynasty-map.jpg
The first great dynasty of ancient China
The Shang dynasty was the first dynasty in ancient China.
ancestor worship
http://www.google.com/imgres?q=shang+dynasty+ancestor+worship
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When people worship their ancesters for their religion .
The Shangs thought that when they wrote on a turtle shell or an animal bone then pressed a hot needle to it, the cracks in the bone would predict the future and their ancestors gave them the answer. This is a form of ancester worship.
logograph
q=chinese+handwriting=hc&vpx=2&
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A character that stands for a word or a sound.
The Chinese use logographs, even today.
economy
http://www.google.com/imgres?q=ancient+chinese+coins&hl
external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQccXFEehiyJO4SDmBXUV_5ZyHDgTzWHO71sNLgXM0lnZxu-U2-RXCbnPKI
The business, buying, and seeling of a reign or country.
At the end of the Shang dynasty, there was a poor economy because the nobles and ruler spent all of their money on luxury items.
Confucianism
http://www.google.com/imgres?q=confucianism&hl
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A way of living founded by the Chinese scholar Confuctius that tells to respect your elders.
The Han dynasty use Confucianism and made laws on Confuciu`s ideas.
Daoism/Taoism
http://www.google.com/imgres?q=taoism&hl=en&sa=X&rlz=1T4GZAZ
external image taoism1.gif
A way of living founded by Laozi, an ancinet Chinese goverment offial, that tells that to be happy you need to live a simple life of meditating and that there should be no harsh rules or laws.
Daoist believe that life is full of oposites, called yin and yang.
Legalism
http://www.google.com/imgres?q=legalism&hl
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A way of living that tells that strict rules and punushments will make a stable governmaent.
The Qin dynasty used very harsh Legalism laws and had very harsh Legalism punishments.
Mandate of Heaven
http://www.google.com/imgres?q=mandate+of+heaven&hl
external image mandat2.gif
When someone says that they were chosen by a god or spirit to rule.
Zhou kings said that they had the Mandate of Heaven.
feudalism
http://www.google.com/imgres?q=ancient+chinese+feudalism&hl
feudalism_jbob.jpg
A system of government where the king gives land to lords who support the king, and the lords get to govern their portions of land however they want.
The Zhou used fedualism, but then some of the lords got very powerful and started waring with each other and rivalling the emporer`s power.
Zhou Dynasty
http://www.google.com/imgres?q=zhou+dynasty&hl
external image zhoumap.jpg
A dynasty of ancient China that used fedualism .
The third Chinese dynasty which was around the time of the Warring States period.
Confucius
http://www.google.com/imgres?q=confucius&hl
external image confucius-b.jpg
The great Chniese scholar who founded Confucism.
Confucius believed that to have a stable government, you have to be fair, hionest, and respect your elders.
civil servants
http://www.google.com/imgres?q=ancient+chinese+civil+servants&hl
external image imperial-examinations.jpg
People that work for the goverment; nobles
Confucius thought that people who wanted to be civil servants had to take a test to make sure they would be good for the position.
Qin Shihuangdi
http://www.google.com/imgres?q=qin+shi+huangdi&hl
external image qinemperor.jpg
The emporer of the Qin dynasty, who used Lagalism and enforced harsh laws and was China`s first emporer.
Qin Shihuangdi was a very harsh ruler nd had many Confucis scholars buried alive because they opposed to him ruling so harshly.
standardize
http://www.google.com/imgres?q=ancient+chinese+measuring+system&hl
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To make everything the same, for example money.
Qin Shihuangdi standardized the currency system of ancient China.
exile
http://www.google.com/imgres?q=great+wall+of+china&hl=en&rls=com.microsoft:en-
external image chinawallarge.gif
Sending someone away from their country because they did something bad.
when people of ancient China disobeyed orders, they could be put into exile.
immortal
http://www.google.com/imgres?q=Chinese+immortal&hl
external image 9bfb146f566836195d1a4bd2ce4f8bc5.jpg
Someone who lives forever.
Qin Shihuangdi spent many years trying to find a way to make himself immortal.
Han Dynasty
http://www.google.com/imgres?q=han+dynasty&hl
external image 250px-Han_map.jpg
A dynasty of Ancient China that achevied many technologies and created the Silk Road.
During the Han dynasty, there were many invention, some of them we still use today.
bureacucracy
http://www.google.com/imgres?q=ancient+chinese+bureaucracy&hl
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When a few peolpe rule over everyone else.
The Hans used bureacuracy for their government.
calligraphy
http://www.google.com/imgres?q=chinese+calligraphy&hl
external image Chinese-calligraphy-04.bmp
The art of writing Chinese symbols.
Calligraphy is still respected in China today.
anesthetic
http://www.google.com/imgres?q=Ancient+Chinese+anesthetic&hl
external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRbgdZrmg1l5U1zGIVng-62AT0P268TacFNNUCqh64P2gMkYQ_VZQ0tvTW1
A pain killer.
The Hans created anesthetics.
Silk Road
http://www.google.com/imgres?q=the+silk+road&hl=en&sa=X&qscrl=1
external image 20080527040726336.gif
A major trade route going from China to the Mediteranian Sea.
The Silk Road was very dangerous, but traders were willing to go on it because you caould earn lots of money from trading on it.
Zhang Qian
http://www.google.com/imgres?q=ancient+chinese+explorer+zhang+qian&hl

zhangqian_nlk.gif
A Chinese exploer that discovered that the Middle East and Europe existed.
Zhang Qian is often called the Father of the Silk Road.