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Subcontinent


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a landmass that is big, but smaller than a continent
India is an example of a subcontinent.
Monsoon
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a strong gust of wind that brings lots of rain to southern parts of Asia in the summer
Monsoons are like a combination of a flood and a hurricane.
Plateau
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a flat land area that is raised above the land around it
Plateaus are mostly found in grasslands.
Glaciers
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a huge amount of ice that slides over a land area
The Titanic hit a huge glacier.
Hinduism
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India's first major religion.
There are many different gods that people worship in Hinduism.
Dharma
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one of the basic beliefs for Hinduism that means law, duty, and obligation.
To follow one's dharma, means to perform one's duties.
Brahman
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the one supreme power that everything is a part of
People believe that Brahman could be in any shape, size, or form.
deities
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the forms that represent all the forms of Brahman.
There are many different types of deities.
karma
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the belief on how a person acts will affect their next life.
People say if your karma is bad, you might get reborn as animal.
samsara
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the belief in a never-ending cycle of life, death, and rebirth.
As long as people are part of samsara, they will know pain and death.
Vedas
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a sacred book of ancient Hindu writings
Almost every religion has its holy book, for Hinduism, its Vedas.
Sanskrit
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an ancient language of India
For Egypt, they used pictographs for writing.
Brahman (ism)
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an ancient Indian religion in which the priests and religious scholars are the dominant class.
It might be hard to believe, but Brahmanism isn't really about Brahman.
caste
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a class, or group, in Hindu society
Brahman is at the top of the caste system.
reincarnation
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the belief that a person's soul is reborn into a new body after death
Reincarnation is only one of the many beliefs in Hinduism.
pilgrimage
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a spiritual journey to a holy place
This picture was of a pilgrimage to Mecca
Buddhism
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A religion of India began by the Buddha
I wonder which is more popular; Hinduism, or Buddhism.
Buddha
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a man originally named Siddhartha Gautama who lived in India and began the religion of Buddhism.
Prince Siddhartha was nicknamed the Buddha after he began Buddhism.
Prince Siddhartha
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The starter of Buddhism, a popular religion in India. Also known as the Buddha.
Prince Siddhartha was very good at meditating.
ascetic
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a person who gives up worldly pleasures and desires in order to find peace.
Prince Siddhartha was an ascetic for a period of time.
alms
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certain goods given to the poor,
most ascetics carried a bowl for alms.
Enlightenment
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the solution, or balance between wealth and suffering.
The Buddha decided to meditate under a tree until he found enlightenment.
Nirvana
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an ideal state of happiness and peace.
It was a happy moment when the Buddha finally found nirvana.
Unify
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to make into a whole
Chandragaputra Maurya unified all of northern India.
Mauryan Empire
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an empire that flourished in India from about 322 to 187 B.C.E.
Chandraguptra Maurya increased the size of the empire by a lot.
edicts
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a command that is obeyed like a law
Ashoka made four important edicts.
monk
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There are many monks in India