History Term
Definition in your own words
Use the word in a sentence that shows your understandingof the history term
human sacrifices
When a human is killed for religious reasons.
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They believed human sacrifices were an offering to the Gods.
clan
A group of family or friends.
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I belong to a clan called the Reiss family.
Shang Dynasty
A dynasty that ruled an area around the Hung He river from 1700 to 1122 BCE.
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Shang Dynasty was the first dynasty and was located in the north.
ancestor worship
Honoring dead ancestors by giving them presents.
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They believed ancestor worship was important because they thought the dead could both hurt and help them.
logograph
A written character used for a word.
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A logograph is used for writing in China.
economy
A system of money in a region or country.
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The economy of the Shang dynasty was poor in the end because they spent all their money.
Confucianism
A Chinese philosophy that emphasizes proper behavior.
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Qin did not allow you to study Confucianism when he ruled.
Daoism/Taoism
A Chinese philosophy that shows living in peace with nature.
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Daoism encouraged rulers to rule less harshly.
Legalism
A chinese philosophy that shows strict obedience to laws.
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Legalism means you are rewarded if good and punished if bad.
Mandate of Heaven
A power or law believed to be granted to someone by the gods.
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The Mandate of Heaven was given to the king.
feudalism
A system of government based on landowners and tenants.
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Qin Shihuangdi ended feudalism.
Zhou Dynasty
A line of rulers in China from 1045 to 1056 BCE.
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The Zhou Dynasty was the second dynasty.
Confucius
A man who deeply respected chinese traditions.
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Confucius was a kind man.
civil servants
A person who works for a government.
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My dad is a civil servant.
Qin Shihuangdi
First Emperor of China that ruled from 221 to 210 BCE.
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Qin Shihuangdi was greedy.
standardize
To make the same.
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There was a need to standardize money.
exile
Living away from your country.
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People left their families and were sent to exile to build the Great Wall of China.
immortal
Able to live forever.
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No one can be immortal.
Han Dynasty
The Chinese dynasty that ruled from about 206 BCE to 220 CE.
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During the Han dynasty the Silk Road was extended.
bureacucracy
A form of government in which a few people rule many others.
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I would not want to live in a bureaucracy.
calligraphy
Handwriting that is considered to be a form of art.
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Calligraphy is a beautiful form of handwriting.
anesthetic
Something that takes away feeling and pain.
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You would need anesthetic if you had surgery.
Silk Road
Trade routes that stretch over 4000 miles across Asia.
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The Silk Road connected many trades.
Zhang Qian
A chinese explorer sometimes called
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Zhang Qian was considered the father of the Silk Road.